Public Key Encryption¶
Unlike traditional means for public key asymmetric encryption, the nacl encryption systems are very high speed. The CurveCP network protocol for instance only uses public key encryption for all transport.
Public key encryption is very simple, as is evidenced with this communication between Alice and Bob:
import libnacl.public # Define a message to send msg = b'You\'ve got two empty halves of coconut and you\'re bangin\' \'em together.' # Generate the key pairs for Alice and bob, if secret keys already exist # they can be passed in, otherwise new keys will be automatically generated bob = libnacl.public.SecretKey() alice = libnacl.public.SecretKey() # Create the boxes, this is an object which represents the combination of the # sender's secret key and the receiver's public key bob_box = libnacl.public.Box(bob.sk, alice.pk) alice_box = libnacl.public.Box(alice.sk, bob.pk) # Bob's box encrypts messages for Alice bob_ctxt = bob_box.encrypt(msg) # Alice's box decrypts messages from Bob bclear = alice_box.decrypt(bob_ctxt) # Alice can send encrypted messages which only Bob can decrypt alice_ctxt = alice_box.encrypt(msg) aclear = bob_box.decrypt(alice_ctxt)
Every encryption routine requires a nonce. The nonce is a 24 char string that must never be used twice with the same keypair. If no nonce is passed in then a nonce is generated based on random data. If it is desired to generate a nonce manually this can be done by passing it into the encrypt method.
The SecretKey object is used to manage both public and secret keys, this object contains a number of methods for both convenience and utility. The key data is also available.
The raw public key is available as SecretKey.sk, to generate a hex encoded version of the key the sk_hex method is available. The same items are available for the public keys:
import libnacl.public fred = libnacl.public.SecretKey() raw_sk = fred.sk hex_sk = fred.hex_sk() raw_pk = fred.pk hex_pk = fred.hex_pk()
By saving only the binary keys in memory libnacl ensures that the minimal memory footprint is needed.
To manage only the public key end, a public key object exists:
import libnacl.public tom = libnacl.public.PublicKey(tom_public_key_hex) raw_pk = tom.pk hex_pk = tom.hex_pk()
Saving Keys to Disk¶
All libnacl key objects can be safely saved to disk via the save method. This method changes the umask before saving the key file to ensure that the saved file can only be read by the user creating it and cannot be written to.
import libnacl.public fred = libnacl.public.SecretKey() fred.save('/etc/nacl/fred.key')